2012 odot highway manual appendix l bike ped design guide

Download 2012 ODOT Highway Manual  Appendix L Bike Ped Design Guide

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Design guidance for bicycle and pedestrian facilities on Oregon roadways

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  • APPENDIX

    L

    BICYCLE & PEDESTRIAN

    DESIGN GUIDE

  • OREGON BICYCLE AND PEDESTRIAN

    DESIGN GUIDE

    OREGON HIGHWAY DESIGN MANUAL APPENDIX L

    Copyright 2011 (3rd Edition) by the Oregon Department of Transportation. Permission is given to quote and reproduce parts of

    this document if credit is given to the source.

    OREGON DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BICYCLE AND PEDESTRIAN PROGRAM

  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    OREGON TRANSPORTATION COMMISSION Pat Egan, Chair David Lohman Mary Olson Mark Frohnmayer Tammy Baney

    OREGON BICYCLE AND PEDESTRIAN ADVISORY COMMITTEE: AJ Zelada, OD Chair Lee Shoemaker, Vice-Chair Erin Kelley Jenna Stanke Jerry Norquist Wayne Baum Maureen Sevigny Daniel Ronan

    OREGON DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION STAFF: Sheila Lyons, Bicycle and Pedestrian Program Manager Cathy Sattergren, Graphic Artist Rodger Gutierrez, Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities Specialist

    Special thanks to the hundreds of people (the citizens of Oregon, local and ODOT staff) who contributed their ideas and recommendations regarding bicycle and pedestrian transportation.

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    INTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................I-1

    The Importance of Good Design and Context .................................................. I-1 Context Sensitive Design .................................................................................. I-2 Bicyclists and Pedestrians: Similarities & Differences..................................... I-4

    Bicyclists ...................................................................................................... I-5 Pedestrians.................................................................................................... I-5

    Design Standards ............................................................................................... I-6 Standards and Minimums............................................................................. I-7 Innovative Designs....................................................................................... I-7

    Planning Issues that Impact walkway and bikeway design .............................. I-8 Land Use and Site Design ............................................................................ I-8 Interconnected Streets .................................................................................. I-8 Access Management (AM)......................................................................... I-10

    Public Transit................................................................................................... I-12

    CHAPTER 1: ON-ROAD BIKEWAYS.......................................................................1-1

    Types of Bikeways ............................................................................................1-1 Urban/Suburban Bike Facility Separation Matrix .......................................1-2

    Design Standards ...............................................................................................1-5 Shared Roadways .........................................................................................1-5 Bicycle Boulevards ......................................................................................1-6 Shoulder Bikeways.......................................................................................1-8

    Width.......................................................................................................1-8 Pavement Design and Construction ........................................................1-8 Joint between the shoulders and the existing roadway...........................1-9 Gravel Driveways and Approaches ......................................................1-10

    Bike Lanes..................................................................................................1-10 Width.....................................................................................................1-11 Bike Lanes On One-Way Streets ..........................................................1-11 Contra-Flow Bike Lanes .......................................................................1-12 Bike Lanes and Diagonal Parking.........................................................1-13

  • Bike Lanes and Bus Lanes ....................................................................1-14 Colored Bike Lanes...............................................................................1-14 Colored Bike Lane Narrows Street ...................................................1-15

    Surface Treatments.....................................................................................1-16 Surface Types........................................................................................1-16 Chip Seals..............................................................................................1-16 Drainage Grates.....................................................................................1-16 Railroad Crossings ................................................................................1-17 Crossing Surface ...................................................................................1-17 Crossing Angle......................................................................................1-17 Flange Opening .....................................................................................1-18 Rumble Strips........................................................................................1-18

    Signing and Marking of Bikeways..................................................................1-19 Introduction ................................................................................................1-19 Shared Roadways .......................................................................................1-20

    Signing ..................................................................................................1-20 Bike Boulevards ....................................................................................1-22 Sharrows................................................................................................1-22

    Shoulder Bikeways.....................................................................................1-23 Signing ..................................................................................................1-23 Marking .................................................................................................1-23

    Bike Lanes..................................................................................................1-23 Bike Lane Designation..........................................................................1-23 Stencil Placement ..................................................................................1-23 Intersections ..........................................................................................1-24 Right Turn Lanes at Intersections .........................................................1-24 Reflectors...............................................................................................1-25

    Special Use Signs .......................................................................................1-25 Railroad Crossing..................................................................................1-25 Sidewalk Users......................................................................................1-25 Bicycle Use of Push-Buttons ................................................................1-25 Bike Stencils at Intersections ................................................................1-25 Tunnels and Bridges..............................................................................1-26

  • Touring Routes......................................................................................1-26 Bicycle Races and Events .....................................................................1-27 Temporary Work Zones ........................................................................1-27

    Innovative Designs.....................................................................................1-27 Advisory Bike Lanes.............................................................................1-27 Bike Box................................................................................................1-28 Bike Left Turn Lane..............................................................................1-28 Bike Stair Channel ................................................................................1-28 Bike Passing Lane .................................................................................1-28 Bicycle Signal .......................................................................................1-28 Bike Friendly Transit Stop....................................................................1-29 Buffered Bike Lane...............................................................................1-29 Choker/Separator...................................................................................1-29 Cycle Track ...........................................................................................1-29 Floating Bike Lane................................................................................1-30 Green Wave...........................................................................................1-30 Raised Bike Lanes.................................................................................1-30 Skinny Street .........................................................................................1-31 Woonerf.................................................................................................1-31

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