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  • 2012 National Assessment Program Literacy and Numeracy

    Achievement in Reading, Persuasive Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy

    National Report for 2012

  • 2012 National Assessment Program— Literacy and Numeracy Achievement in Reading, Persuasive Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy: National Report for 2012

    Copyright This work is copyright. In addition to any use permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, this work may be downloaded, displayed, printed, or reproduced in whole or in part for non- commercial purposes subject to an acknowledgement of the source. Enquiries concerning copyright should be directed to the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA).

    Contact details Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority Level 10, 255 Pitt Street Sydney NSW 2000 T 1300 895 563 F 1800 982 118 www.acara.edu.au

    The appropriate citation for this report is: Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority 2012, NAPLAN Achievement in Reading, Persuasive Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy: National Report for 2012, ACARA, Sydney.

  • iii

    Contents

    Introduction ............................................................... iv

    2012 Results Year 3 ............................ 1 Year 3 Reading .............................................................2

    Year 3 Persuasive Writing .......................................... 13

    Year 3 Spelling .......................................................... 24

    Year 3 Grammar and Punctuation .............................. 35

    Year 3 Numeracy ....................................................... 46

    Year 3 Participation ................................................... 57

    Year 3 Comparative Achievement .............................. 61

    Commentary ............................................................. 63

    2012 Results Year 5 .......................... 65 Year 5 Reading .......................................................... 66

    Year 5 Persuasive Writing .......................................... 77

    Year 5 Spelling .......................................................... 88

    Year 5 Grammar and Punctuation .............................. 99

    Year 5 Numeracy ..................................................... 110

    Year 5 Participation ................................................. 121

    Year 5 Comparative Achievement ............................ 125

    Commentary ........................................................... 127

    2012 Results Year 7 ........................ 129 Year 7 Reading ........................................................ 130

    Year 7 Persuasive Writing ........................................ 141

    Year 7 Spelling ........................................................ 152

    Year 7 Grammar and Punctuation ............................ 163

    Year 7 Numeracy ..................................................... 174

    Year 7 Participation ................................................. 185

    Year 7 Comparative Achievement ............................ 189

    Commentary ........................................................... 191

    2012 Results Year 9 ........................ 193 Year 9 Reading ........................................................ 194

    Year 9 Persuasive Writing ........................................ 205

    Year 9 Spelling ........................................................ 216

    Year 9 Grammar and Punctuation ............................ 227

    Year 9 Numeracy ..................................................... 238

    Year 9 Participation ................................................. 249

    Year 9 Comparative Achievement ............................ 253 Commentary ........................................................... 255

    2008–2012 Time series .................. 257 Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 Reading ..................................... 258

    Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 Numeracy .................................. 279

    Commentary ............................................................ 300

    Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 Participation .............................. 302

    Commentary ............................................................ 315

    2008-2010, 2009-2011 and 2010-2012 Cohort gain ..................................... 316 Year 3–Year 5 Reading ............................................ 317

    Year 5–Year 7 Reading ............................................ 321

    Year 7–Year 9 Reading ............................................ 325

    Achievement of Students in Reading ........................ 329

    Year 3–Year 5 Numeracy .......................................... 330

    Year 5–Year 7 Numeracy .......................................... 334

    Year 7–Year 9 Numeracy .......................................... 338

    Achievement of Students in Numeracy .................... 342

    Commentary ............................................................ 343

  • iv

    Introduction

    The National Assessment Program—Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) tests are conducted in May each year for all students across Australia in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9. All students in the same year level are assessed on the same test items in the assessment domains of Reading, Persuasive Writing, Language Conventions (Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation) and Numeracy.

    Each year, over one million students nationally sit the NAPLAN tests, providing students, parents, teachers, schools and school systems with important information about the literacy and numeracy achievements of students.

    In 2012, for the second year, the Writing assessment was based on a persuasive task . Before 2011, students were assessed using a narrative task. The change in the Writing genre was implemented to ensure a broader range of what is required in the curriculum is assessed.

    The NAPLAN assessment process The NAPLAN tests are developed collaboratively by the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA), the States and Territories, the non-government education sectors and the Australian Government. The test administration authority in each State and Territory is responsible for printing the NAPLAN 2012 tests, and for test administration, data capture and delivery of reports.

    The NAPLAN tests broadly reflect aspects of literacy and numeracy within the curriculum in all States and Territories, and the types of test questions and test formats are chosen so that they are familiar to teachers and students across Australia. National Protocols for Test Administration ensure consistency in the administration of the tests by all test administration authorities and schools across Australia.

    The test administration authority in each State and Territory manages the marking of the tests. Tests for Reading, Language Conventions (Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation) and Numeracy are marked using optical mark recognition software to score multiple-choice items. Writing tasks are professionally marked using well established procedures for maintaining marker consistency across all States and Territories.

    Test administration authorities submit de-identified student data from all tests to a contractor appointed to undertake the analysis of the test data on behalf of ACARA. Comparative data showing the performance of each State or Territory and the nation, and the test results are provided to each testing authority.

    The contractor performs a range of analyses across the data to indicate the national mean and the middle 60 per cent of achievement for each year level, for each domain. These analyses also determine individual student scores across the national achievement scale and enable comparisons over time.

    Student reports are produced by the test administration authorities, using a national common reporting format.

    Comparisons over time NAPLAN tests were equated so that the 2012 results can be compared with those for previous years. Equating enables the results from NAPLAN tests in different years to be reported on the same achievement scale.

    With the change in the Writing genre in 2011, a new Persuasive Writing scale was introduced in that year. As this is a separate

    scale to Narrative Writing, there is a break in the time series. The Persuasive Writing results for 2011 and 2012 should not be directly compared to the Narrative Writing results from earlier years. Persuasive Writing results for 2011 and 2012 may be directly compared.

    The outcomes of statistical significance tests are provided for comparisons of results within jurisdictions between the current year and previous year, and current year and base NAPLAN year. For Reading, Narrative Writing, Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation, and Numeracy, the base year is 2008. For Persuasive Writing, the base year is 2011.

    Equating one test with another is a complex procedure and involves some degree of statistical error. For this reason, there may be minor fluctuations in the average NAPLAN test results from year to year when, in reality, the level of student achievement has remained essentially the same. It is only when there is a meaningful change in the results from one year to the next, or when there is a consistent trend over several years, that statements about improvement or decline in levels of achievement can be made confidently. Some caution is required when interpreting changes in the perfor

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