2011atozguidetoafghanistanassistance elyas barikzay%27s artwork on the cover

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Research for a Better AfghanistanIMPORTANT NOTE: The information presented in this guide relies on the voluntary contributions of ministries and agencies of the Afghan government, embassies, development agencies and other organisations representing donor countries, national and international NGOs, and other institutions. While AREU undertakes with each edition of this guide to provide the most accurate and current information possible, details evolve and change continuously. Users of this guide are encouraged to submit updates, additions, corrections and suggestions to publications@areu.org.af. 2010 Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, recording or otherwise without prior written permission of the publisher, the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit. Permission can be obtained by emailing areu@areu.org.af or by calling +93 (0) 799 608 548.Editor: Jay LameyResearch and writing: Peter WilsonGovernment: Anna Larson and Jay LameyMaps: Mohammad Karim and the team at the Afghan Geodesy and Cartography Head OffceContacts: Sheela Rabani, Najibullah Yazdani, Shapoor Amini and the AREU publications team Special thanks: Anja de Beer, Antonio Giustozzi, Kay Schwendinger, Richard Will, Royce Wiles, Sayed Mohammad Shah, Sheela Rabani, Wahidullah WaissiTab photographs: (A to Z) Photographers, Kabul City (AINA); (Government) A health worker at a clinic in Jawzjan Province/Mats Lignell (Save the Children); (Documents) Restoration of tile mosaic, Herat City/Jay Lamey (AREU); (Maps) Mine clearing in Kunduz Province/Jacob Simkin (MACCA); Schoolchildren approach a bogged AREU vehicle, Yakowlang District, Bamiyan Province/Jay Lamey (AREU); (Index) Road construction in Badakhshan Province/Mats Lignell (Save the Children). AREU gratefully acknowledges the fnancial assistance of the governments of Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom in publishing the ninth edition of the A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance. About the Cover Artist: Mohammed Elyas BarikzayAREU ran an art competition to seek a cover design for the 2011 A to Z Guide. The winner was Mohammed Elyas Barikzay, whose work is entitled Working Together for a Brighter Future. Elyas, aged 24, graduated from the Faculty of Fine Arts of Kabul University in 2009, and is particularly interested in modern art, practicing methods inspired by surrealism, realism and cubism. Successfully balancing a career as a fnance manager with Afghans for Tomorrow, Elyas spends much of his spare time painting. He currently has his own gallery space and takes a number of commissions per year. For more details, contact Elyas on 077 249 5080 or m.barikzay@yahoo.comThe A to Z Guide to Afghanistan AssistanceTable of ContentsAbout the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit ......................................................................ivAbout the A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance.......................................................................ivThe AREU Library .............................................................................................................................vContact Information ........................................................................................................................vAREU Publications 2010 ................................................................................................................viA to Z: Contents .................................................................................................................................... 1Government: Contents ....................................................................................................................... 69Background ................................................................................................................................... 70Government in Afghanistan ......................................................................................................... 70Elections in Afghanistan .............................................................................................................. 82 Documents: Contents ........................................................................................................................ 95The Constitution of Afghanistan (2004) ..................................................................................... 96The Afghanistan Compact (2006) .............................................................................................125Code of Conduct for NGOs engaged in Humanitarian Action, Reconstruction, and Development in Afghanistan (2005) ................................................................................. 141Maps .................................................................................................................................................153Contacts: Contents ...........................................................................................................................155Kabul ...........................................................................................................................................157Other Provinces ..........................................................................................................................206Pakistan ......................................................................................................................................265Index..................................................................................................................................................267Notes .................................................................................................................................................273The A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance ivAbout the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit The Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) is an independent research institute based in Kabul. AREUs mission is to inform and infuence policy and practice through conducting high-quality, policy-relevant research and actively disseminating the results, and to promote a culture of research and learning. To achieve its mission AREU engages with policymakers, civil society, researchers and students to promote their use of AREUs research and its library, to strengthen their research capacity, and to create opportunities for analysis, refection and debate.AREU conducts research on a wide variety of topics and produces dozens of research publications each year, ranging from policy-focused briefng papers to comprehensive issues and synthesis reports. Many are translated into Dari and Pashto. AREU also publishes the annual A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance and the quarterly Afghanistan Research Newsletter, and maintains a website (www.areu.org.af). AREU also regularly organises workshops and conferences to facilitate research use and enable and encourage debate among policymakers and other stakeholders. AREU was established in 2002 by the assistance community working in Afghanistan and has a board of directors with representation from donors, the United Nations and other multilateral agencies, and non-governmental organisations. AREU currently receives core funds from the governments of Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Specifc projects have been funded by the Foundation of the Open Society Institute Afghanistan (FOSIA), the Asia Foundation (TAF), the European Commission (EC) and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC). About the A to Z Guide to Afghanistan AssistanceUpdated each year, the A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance aims to enhance general understanding of the array of actors, structures and government processes related to aid and reconstruction efforts in the country. The guide provides: a wide-ranging glossary of assistance terms, an overview of Afghanistans system of government, a series of country and city maps, key primary documents, and an extensive contacts directory that includes government agencies, NGOs, donors, and international actors. Where not otherwise specifed, all dollar amounts are USD. The guide is also published in Dari and Pashto.When the frst edition of the A to Z Guide was published in 2002, the goal thenas it is nowwas to provide a guide to the terms, structures, mechanisms and coordinating bodies critical to the Afghanistan relief and reconstruction effort to help ensure a shared vocabulary and common understanding. Over the years the guide increased in scope and size, but has always followed the same successful model. The information presented in the guide relies on the voluntary contributions of agencies and organisations, and the situation in Afghanistan can change rapidly. Users of the guide are encouraged to contact publications@areu.org.af with suggestions for additions, updates, corrections or improvements.Ninth Edition 2011vThe AREU LibraryEstablished in 2003, the AREU Library supports the research activities of AREU and provides public access to approximately 13,000 titles held about Afghanistan. The library is open to everyone. Contemporary materials produced inside Afghanistan and materials in Afghan languages are the focus of collecting, with an emphasis on long-term research value. The library also aims to make available in Afghanistan research produced overseas about the country and the region. Materials of all types (books, journal articles, maps, posters, CDs, DVDs, databases and more) are available for u