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  • 2011 ART MARKET ANALYSISTOP 10 ARTISTS11 FIGURES FOR 2011POWERFUL ART MARKET COLUMNISTS COMMENT THE YEAR2011 FROM THE AMCIS VIEWPOINTTWITTER: 2011 IN 140 CHARACTERSTOP 100 AUCTION RESULTSTOP 500 ARTISTS

  • SUMMARYEdito . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 3A high-end market unaffected by the crisis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 5New record year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 6The powers at work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 6Modern art: the core of the market in 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 9The best of the Old Masters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 11Contemporary art . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 13Structural mutation: the art market in the Internet age . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 14Top 10 Artists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 1511 figures for 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 20Powerful art market columnists comment the year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 222011 from the AMCIs viewpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 252011 in 140 characters the year as seen through @artpricedotcom tweets page 28Top 100 auction results in 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 30 Top 500 artists by auction revenue in 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 32

  • page 3

    ART MARKET TRENDS 2011

    EditoWhile old economies are struggling, growth is accelerating in the BRICS coun-

    tries. The five BRICS -Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa- have been enjoying much stronger economic expansion than the developed countries and

    Chinas growth in particular has profoundly modified the geo-graphical structure of the global art market according to Thierry Ehrmann, the founder and CEO of Artprice, the world leader in art market information. Moreover, in Singapore, Beijing and Hong Kong, politicians are aware of the enormous economic potential of art for their state or their city, and their governments strongly support major cultural events including Contemporary Art fairs. In addition to the 49% growth in auction revenue from artworks in China, a number of other Asian countries have also posted particularly dynamic growth, such as Singapore (+22%)

    and Indonesia (+39%). This growth has been driven by the emergence of new and very wealthy collectors and a growing number of art investment funds. As a result, the Asian art market has become the most high-end area of the entire globe. For example, 12.1% of works sold in Asia sell for between $100,000 and $1m, versus 2.2% for the rest of the world. China, Asias leading economic power and world leader for sales of artworks, has surprised everyone not just by its acquisitive capa-city but also by its independence. It accounts for the highest auction results (with 774 auction results above $1 million recorded in 2011 compared with 426 in the USA and 377 in the UK), mostly generated at auctions in Beijing and Hong Kong. Even if China were deprived of the strong Hong Kong sales of Christies and So-thebys, it would easily remain the first global marketplace!

    In 2011, the global art auction market generated 21% more than in 2010 and there is not a single segment of the art market that did not progress in terms of tur-

    Thierry Ehrmann

    Art price growthbase 100 in 2000

    2000

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    2010

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    250

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  • page 4

    nover. Compared with 2010, Modern art added $1.2B, Post-war art added $372m, Contemporary art added $291m, Old Masters added $124 million and 19th cen-tury art posted an increase of $43 million. In addition, bulimic buying has not left any medium on the side-lines. 2011 saw the sale of more paintings, sculptures, photographs, drawings and even prints than 2010. Indeed, driven by the rocke-ting prices of the Chinese Old and Modern masters, drawing has really come into its own, with its annual revenue up by $1.318 billion over the year.

    This year, Artprices annual art market report based on 6.3 million auction results from 4,500 auction houses around the world and distributed to over 6,300 media organisations and international institutions every year in 7 languages will focus particularly on Chinas successful conquest of the global art market. Our 2011 Art Market Trends contain macro- and micro-economic analyses providing the keys to understanding the annual evolution of the global auction market. It discusses the major trends in the market, analysed throughout the year on the ArtMarketInsight page of our website, by the Artprice press agency and by our Econometrics Department. To complement this objective appreciation of the art market based on a year of global auction results, Artprice also offers numerous original rankings such as the Top 500 artists by auction revenue and the Top 100 auction results of the year.

    2011 Fine Art auction sales revenueBreakdown by country

    United Kingdom19,4%

    France4,5% Germany1,8%

    Switzerland1,4%

    Italy1,2%

    China41,4%

    USA23,6%

    Others6,7%

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  • page 5

    ART MARKET TRENDS 2011

    A high-end market unaffected by the crisisWith the subprime crisis giving way to the debt crisis, the economic record for

    2011 was particularly bad in the Western world, marked by colossal debt ratios in Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal and the UK, a destabilization of European mone-tary union and swelling public debt in the USA. The downgrade of the USA by Standard & Poors this year broke a taboo marking the end of the chapter repre-senting the American model since 1945. The debt crisis and subsequent austerity policies have had catastrophic repercussions. After the summer, the recession in Europe led to the amputation of cultural budgets and subsidies. In the UK for example, cultural resources were cut by 30% between 2010 and September 2011.Naturally, this unhealthy climate has resulted in collateral damage on the art

    market. Many galleries have suffered in Europe and some have closed shop. More generally, the art market has experienced a massive crisis of confidence following

    Rest Of The World Asia

    13,4%

    34,7%

    12,1%

    1,4%0,3%2,2%

    13%

    9,2%

    75,3%

    38,4%

    2011 Auction sales revenue in Asia and the rest of the world

    Breakdown by price range

    > $1m

    $100 000 - 1 m

    $10 000 - 100 000

    $5 000 - 10 000

    < $5 000

    artprice .com

  • page 6

    the meltdown of financial indicators. Between late July and the end of Septem-ber, while the S&P 500 announced drastic falls (loss of 17% between July 21 and August 22, then -5% in September), Artprices Art Market Confidence Index (AMCI) fell below zero for the first time since the first quarter of 2009. Concern over financial and economic developments upset confidence in the resilience of the art market. However, the anxiety only needed one strong signal from the market to be subdued, and confidence returned in October thanks to the success of the major Contemporary Art fairs (Frieze in London and FIAC in Paris) and, above all, after some stunning auctions results in the second half of the year.While Europe analysed its weaknesses and its economists contemplated the pos-

    sibility of a collapse of the Euro, the art market was in full swing, including in Eu-rope. Meanwhile, New York remained a stronghold of the art trade, particularly for the Contemporary segment, and the depreciation of the dollar made USA sales more attractive for European and Asian buyers.The debt crisis coupled with the turmoil on financial markets has driven nume-

    rous investors to fall back on art which has once again played its historical role as a value haven1 .

    New record yearSo in spite of the sword of Damocles hanging over the West, art in fact sold better

    in 2011 than at any other time in history with $11.57 billion in total global annual revenue, up $2 billion versus 2010, which already produced the best performance of the decade. This increase was not solely generated by the Chinese markets 49% growth compared with 2010; it represented overall growth including European. Indeed, the leading European auction markets posted strong figures: +24% in the UK ($2.24 billion in 2011 vs. $1.81 billion in 2010),