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Latin American Independence Movements

1800-1840Latin American Independence MovementsOrigins of the Independence MovementsCreoles

Government Jobs

Peninsulares

Mercantilism

European Goods VS Colonial Goods

Taxes from Spain

Climate of Resentment

Origins of the Independence1767

Jesuits

The Catholic Church

An act of tyranny

OriginsDecember 1804

The Consolidacion Decree

Charitable Church Funds

Mexico

Financial Institutions

The Mexican Economy

The Lower Clergy

4Origins North American Shipping

Revolutionary Writings

The French Revolution

The Haitian Revolt

The Reign of Terror

The Creole upper class

OriginsLatin American Armies

Colonial Militias

Security

Origins1800

The Enlightenment

Creoles vs Peninsulares

Creoles vs lower class

Liberty to the masses

7The Wars for Independence The Napoleonic Wars

Naval Blockades

Diminishing Spanish Authority

The Malvinas

Buenos Aires

Effects on the Creoles

The Wars for Independence 1808

Joseph Bonaparte

The reaction of the Creoles

Problems with Unity

MexicoCreole Elite

Miguel Hidalgo

September 16, 1810

The role of the Natives and mestizos

1811

MexicoJose Maria Morelos

November 6, 1813

Reasons for fighting

The capture of Morelos

Ferdinand VII

MexicoUnity

January 1, 1820

The Cadiz Mutiny

Changes in Spain

The Creole Response

MexicoFerdinand VII

Vincente Guerrero

General Agustin de Iturbide

The Plan of Iguala (February 1821)

New Rules

September 1821

Agustin I

MexicoProblems for Iturbide

Wealthy Creoles

Ideas of a republic

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

General Guadalupe Victoria

Civil War in Mexico

Venezuela Simon Bolivar

1811

The Venezuelan Republican Constitution

Pardos

Reasons for divided support.

VenezuelaBolivar flees to Colombia

Gaining support of the lower classes

war to death

Caracas

Venezuela The Liberator

Bolivars policies

Slave Revolts

Llaneros

Bolivar flees

May 1815

VenezuelaContinuing the fight

Bolivars thoughts on government

September 1816

Forming alliances

Abolishing slavery

Land grants

English Mercenaries

Venezuela The Battle of Boyac

Bogota

August 7, 1819

The Republic of Colombia

Carabobo

June 1821

Southern South AmericaBuenos Aires

United Provinces of Rio de la Plata

Jose San Martin

Promises of freedom

Argentina

Southern South AmericaSan Martin crosses into Chile

Chacabuco

Maipu

Bernardo OHiggins

February 1818

Southern South AmericaFocusing on Peru

OHiggins faces problems

San Martin attacks Peru

July 1821

Southern South AmericaJuly 1822

Bolivar and San Martin meet

San Martin leaves South America

December 1824

Bolivar leaves South AmericaResults of Independence New Nations

Destruction of life and property

Decapitalization

Reduction of power in the Catholic Church

Increase in military strength

The decline of slavery

Power remained in the hands of the CreolesResults of IndependenceLack of freedom and prosperity

Exports

Britain

Caudillos

Government problems

Latin American governmentsThe chief executive

Lesser caudillos

The role of the Judiciary

The legislative branch

Elections

Voting rights and rules

Differences between conservatives and liberalsBrazilPortugal

Brazil gets neglected

Population

Sugar and cotton

Ties with the home country

BrazilPeace independence

1808

King Joao VI

Rio de Janeiro

Brazil becomes a co-equal with Portugal

BrazilThe Cortes

April 1821

Prince Pedro

Brazilian Independence

The role of Britain

The US responseTrade with the US

James Madison

James Monroe

Recognition

The US responseGreat Britain

John Quincy Adams

The Monroe Doctrine

Two spheres

Non intervention

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