100 400 300 200 500 1000 jeopardy pathology skin pathology 1 skin pathology 2 skin pathology 3...

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  • 1004003002005001000Jeopardy PathologySkin Pathology1Skin Pathology 2Skin Pathology 3Urinary PathologyRespiratory PathologyEndocrine Pathology10040030020050010001004003002005001000100400300200500100010040030020050010001004003002005001000

  • The QuestionThe Answermost common during adolescence, affecting more than 85% of teenagers, and frequently continues into adulthood. For most people it diminishes over time and tends to disappearor at the very least decreaseafter one reaches his or her early twenties.

  • The QuestionCategoriesAcne

  • The QuestionThe Answera skin disease caused by the infection of hair follicles, thus resulting in the localized accumulation of pus and dead tissue.

  • The QuestionCategoriesBoil or furuncle

  • The QuestionThe Answerform of dermatitis, or inflammation of the upper layers of the skin.

  • The QuestionCategoriesEczema

  • The QuestionThe Answera disorder which affects the skin and joints. It commonly causes red scaly patches to appear on the skin. The scaly patches caused by psoriasis, called psoriatic plaques, are areas of inflammation and excessive skin production.

  • The QuestionCategoriesPsoriasis

  • The QuestionThe Answera viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters in a limited area on one side of the body, often in a stripe. The initial infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes the acute (short-lived) illness chickenpox, and generally occurs in children and young people.

  • The QuestionCategoriesHerpes zoster (commonly known as shingles )

  • The QuestionThe Answeran infection of the deep subcutaneous tissue of the skin. __________ can be caused by normal skin flora or by exogenous bacteria, and often occurs where the skin has previously been broken: cracks in the skin, cuts, blisters, burns, insect bites, surgical wounds, or sites of intravenous catheter insertion.

  • The QuestionCategoriesCellulitis

  • The QuestionThe Answera skin condition, commonly caused by an allergic reaction, that is characterized by raised red skin wheals (welts).

  • The QuestionCategoriesUrticaria (or hives)

  • The QuestionThe Answera superficial bacterial skin infection most common among children 2 to 6 years old. People who play close contact sports such as rugby, American football and wrestling are also susceptible, regardless of age.

  • The QuestionCategoriesImpetigo

  • The QuestionThe Answermost common tick-borne disease in the Northern Hemisphere. Borrelia is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected hard ticks belonging to several species of the genus Ixodes. Early manifestations of infection may include fever, headache, fatigue, depression, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans.

  • The QuestionCategoriesLyme disease

  • The QuestionThe Answera type of scar which results in an overgrowth of tissue at the site of a healed skin injury. ____________ are firm, rubbery lesions or shiny, fibrous nodules, and can vary from pink to flesh-colored or red to dark brown in color.

  • The QuestionCategoriesKeloids

  • The QuestionThe Answersmall benign tumor that forms primarily in areas where the skin forms creases, such as the neck, armpits and groin. They may also occur on the face, usually on the eyelids. Though larger have been seen, they usually range in size from grain of rice to that of a golf ball.

  • The QuestionCategoriesSkin tag

  • The QuestionThe Answeran infection of the skin, characterized by a reddish to brownish raised or bumpy patch of skin that may be lighter in the center, giving the appearance of a ring.

  • The QuestionCategoriesRingworm

  • The QuestionThe Answera chronic disease characterized by excessive deposits of collagen in the skin or other organs. The localized type of the disease, while disabling, tends not to be fatal.

  • The QuestionCategoriesScleroderma

  • The QuestionThe Answergenerally a small, rough tumor, typically on hands and feet, that can resemble a cauliflower or a solid blister. They are common, and are caused by a viral infection,

  • The QuestionCategoriesWarts

  • The QuestionThe Answera common but often misunderstood condition that is estimated to affect over 45 million people worldwide. It affects white-skinned people of mostly north-western European descent, and has been nicknamed the 'curse of the Celts' by some in Britain and Ireland. It begins as erythema (flushing and redness) on the central face and across the cheeks, nose, or forehead but can also less commonly affect the neck and chest.

  • The QuestionCategoriesRosacea

  • The QuestionThe Answera parasitic fungal infection of the epidermis of the human foot.

  • The QuestionCategoriesAthlete's foot (Tinea Pedis)

  • The QuestionThe Answerare lesions caused by many factors such as: unrelieved pressure; friction; humidity; shearing forces; temperature; age; continence and medication; to any part of the body, especially portions over bony or cartilaginous areas such as sacrum, elbows, knees, ankles etc.

  • The QuestionCategoriesBedsores ( pressure ulcers or decubitus ulcers)

  • The QuestionThe Answera burn to living tissue such as skin produced by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, commonly from the sun's rays. Exposure of the skin to lesser amounts of UV will often produce a suntan.

  • The QuestionCategoriesSun Burn

  • The QuestionThe Answerinfection of a part of or throughout the urinary tract, usually caused by bacteria.

  • The QuestionCategoriesUrinary tract infection (UTI)

  • The QuestionThe Answerresult from the buildup of crystallized salts and minerals such as calcium in the urinary tract.

  • The QuestionCategoriesKidney stones (nephrolithiasis)

  • The QuestionThe Answerany inflammation of the kidney. It can be caused by infection, an autoimmune disease (such as lupus), or it may be idiopathic (which means the exact cause may not be known or understood). ___________ is generally detected by high levels of protein and blood in the urine.

  • The QuestionCategoriesNephritis

  • The QuestionThe Answercondition in which urine abnormally flows backward (or refluxes) from the bladder into the ureters. It may even reach the kidneys, where infection and scarring can occur over time.

  • The QuestionCategoriesVesicoureteral reflux (VUR)

  • The QuestionThe Answeran inflammation of the glomeruli, the parts of the filtering units (nephrons) of the kidney that contain a network of capillaries (tiny blood vessels).

  • The QuestionCategoriesGlomerulonephritis

  • The QuestionThe Answerwhere the two kidneys are fused (connected) into one arched kidney that usually functions normally, but is more prone to develop problems later in life. This condition is found in 1 out of every 500 births.

  • The QuestionCategoriesHorseshoe Kidney

  • The QuestionThe Answera symptom of an illness, not an illness itself. There are many different types of _________ and many different causes, ranging from not-so-serious to life threatening. Some of the more common causes affecting kids and teens are the common cold, asthma, sinusitis, seasonal allergies, and pneumonia.

  • The QuestionCategoriesCough

  • The QuestionThe Answeran inherited disease affecting the lungs. ____________ causes mucus in the body to be abnormally thick and sticky. The mucus can clog the airways in the lungs and make a person more likely to get bacterial infections.

  • The QuestionCategoriesCystic fibrosis (CF)

  • The QuestionThe Answeran inflammation of the lungs, which usually occurs because of infection with a bacteria or virus. ___________ causes fever, inflammation of lung tissue, and makes breathing difficult because the lungs have to work harder to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream and remove carbon dioxide from the blood.

  • The QuestionCategoriesPneumonia

  • The QuestionThe Answerare caused by over 200 different viruses that cause inflammation in the upper respiratory tract. The __________ is the most common respiratory infection. Symptoms may include a mild fever, cough, headache, runny nose, sneezing, and sore throat.

  • The QuestionCategoriesCommon Cold

  • The QuestionThe AnswerOver 20 million people have _________ in the United States, and it's the number-one reason that kids and teens chronically miss school. _________ is a long-term, inflammatory lung disease that causes airways to tighten and narrow when a person with the condition comes into contact with irritants such as cigarette smoke, dust, or pet dander.

  • The QuestionCategoriesAsthma

  • The QuestionThe Answerthe membranes lining the larger bronchial tubes become inflamed and an excessive amount of mucus is produced. The person with ___________ develops a bad cough to get rid of the mucus.

  • The QuestionCategoriesBronchitis

  • The QuestionThe Answera condition in which the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood are very high. In kids and teens, the condition is usually caused by Graves' disease, an immune system problem that causes the thyroid gland to become very active.

  • The QuestionCategoriesHyperthyroidism

  • The QuestionThe AnswerIf the pituitary glands release hormones that stimulate the gonads to produce sex hormones too early, some kids may begin to go through puberty at a very young age.

  • The QuestionCatego

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