1. skopski-region

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Macedonia, tourism

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  • .

    2 2.000 .

    - Matka - sdfhysd buyggys gyvgsd svsd df sg sgTreska

  • Viola kosaninii

    ,

    SKOPJE KALE

    Matka is sdfhysd buyggys gyvgsd svsd dfgdfh sty stysrty

    the fortress of Justinian the First

    Matka is sdfhysd buyggys gyvgsd svsd dfgaertaer df a aet asdgy Skopje

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    , 140

    THE ASSEMBLY CHURCH

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    ST. PANTELEJMON

    one of the most distinguishable churches in Macedonia

    renaissance beginning of fresco painting, 140 years before the renaissance in Italy

    . , , , . , , , . . . , , , , . - , , .. 12C 500 . , . . , , , . : , , , , , . . . , , , . . , , 120 , , , - .

    Location. Skopje Valley is surrounded by mountain massive Skopska Crna Gora on the north, Gradishtanska Mountain from the east, massifs Mokra Mountain on the south and parts of Karadzica, Suva Gora and Zeden on the west. This region is touching the magnificent gorge valleys of the River Vardar, such as Dervenska and Taorska Gorge then Shishevska Gorge of the River Treska, Kachanichka Gorge of the River Lepenec and Badarska Gorge of the River Pchinja.Rivers and Lakes. There are several large rivers which flow through very picturesque gorge valleys. The most significant rivers are the Vardar, the Lepenec, the Pchinja, the Kadina River, the Markova River and the Treska. Particularly important are the lakes Matka and Kozjak in the gorge-canyon valley of the River Treska, the thermo-mineral spa Katlanovo, the mineral springs in Volkovo and other hydrographical objects.Climate. The Tourist Region of Skopje is characterized by average annual temperatures of 12C and average quantity rainfall of 500 mm. This region is characterized by continental climate and weak penetration of Mediterranean influence, but mountainous climate dominates in the higher areas.Flora and Fauna. The diverse geological composition, the relief dissection, presence of water and climate influences have created abundant flora with various dendro flora and herbaceous vegetation. Fauna is represented by various big and small game, such as bears, wolves, wild goats, boars, hares, partridges and many other animal kinds attractive for tourists. Traffic directions. There are several motorways in the Region of Skopje. The first is from Belgrade towards Thessalonica, the second one is from the Adriatic Sea towards Thessalonica, the third one is from Kriva Palanka and Kumanovo and the fourth one is from Ohrid and Debar leading to Skopje. In the context of tourism are the railway and Skopje Airport Alexander the Great. Besides Skopje, which is the capital of the Republic of Macedonia, on this important crossroad there are about 120 settlements, a large number of archaeological sites, a lot of monasteries and churches, cultural-historical monuments and manifestations.

    SKOPJE REGION IS LOCATED IN THE NORTHERN PART OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA. IT COVERS SKOPJE VALLEY AND

    2OCCUPIES ABOUT 2000 KM .

    SKOPJEregion

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    200-350

    518

    467.257

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  • SkopjeMETROPOLIS: JOINT OF HISTORICAL HERITAGE AND URBAN LIVING

    Skopje is the capital of the Republic of Macedonia. It is located in the northern part of the Republic of Macedonia, in Skopje Valley. It has favourable geographical and traffic position, which is a starting point for wider communication via road, railway and air traffic.

    , 13-11 ... . , - . - 40 3,2 . 518 . , - 1936 . 518 . VI I (527-565). . , . - , , , . IX . X , , . XII . . , , . . . . , , . - ( ). - . XV . . XV . - . XIX . . XVII . XVII , , . , , , 1689 . .

    Skopje is a city in the central part of Balkan Peninsula. It easy communicates with Mediterranean region on the south and regions of Central and Northern Europe on the north. It is connected with Adriatic Sea via Kachanichka Gorge. It is connected with Republic Bulgaria via Kumanovo and Kriva Palanka on the east as well as with Republic Albania via Polog, Kichevo Valley, Ohrid-Prespa Region on the west.Skopje dates back to pre-antique period. This city had strategic importance during antique period, it was known as Skupi. The excavations from the antique city Skupi are in the locality Zajchev Rid above the inflow of the River Lepenec into Vardar, which is the present village Zlokukani. Skupi was the capital of Dardania.

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    The Macedonia Street - the most popular urban boulevard

  • XIX , 1873 , 1888 , . . 1836 10.000 , 1858 - 20.000 , XIX 32.000 , 47.000 . 1912 , ,

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    Skupi became a legionary camp during Octavian Augustus rule about 13-11 year BC. Afterwards, Skupi became one of the major Roman cities and the most important settlement on the route from Thessalonica to Danube. The city had a rectangular form covering an area of 40 hectares and a wall which was 3, 2 metres thick therefore it obtained a status of a colony. The city was destroyed by earthquake in 518. Several material traces have been found on the locality of ancient Skupi, and among the significant excavations are parts of the theatre in 1936. The present city was erected after the year 518.

    26 1963 . 9 1.000 , 3.000 . 45% , , , . 1963 , , .

    The vivid established tempo in Skopje was stopped by the devastating earthquake on 26th July,1963. There were more than 1.000 dead and about 3.000 severely or lightly injured in the earthquake with intensity of 9 degrees. The total building fund in the city was demolished or damaged about 45%, and a lot of public buildings, cultural objects, and industrial units were demolished or damaged. After the earthquake in 1963, Skopje as the city of solidarity grew into more modern agglomeration where urban linking of the East and West was performed.

    je -

    , 1963 5 17 .

    The building at the Old Railway Station was demolished during Skopje earthquake in 1963 and clock's hands stopped at 17 minutes past 5.

    - The Macedonia Street - the most popular urban boulevard

    Skopje - the City of Solidarity

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    The Macedonia Street - the most popular urban boulevard

    The Macedonia Street - the most popular urban boulevard

    , . , 1931 , 65.870 . , - , , . 1948 . 1953 , . , : 1948 - 88.209 , 1953 - 119.134 , 1961 - 165.529 , 1971 - 312.980 , 1981 - 408.143 , 1994 - 444.299 , 2002 - 467.257 .

    The foundations of the new Skopje were probably laid in the second half of the sixth century by the tsar Justinian I (527-565). The settlement was named Justiniana Prima. It is assumed that Fortress Kale was built during his rule, which is on the left side of the River Vardar. Penetration of Kumani and Slavs in the following two-three centuries made this city a target of plunders and devastation therefore the city was developing slowly. Skopje became a significant Byzantine centre after the ninth century. Skopje was mentioned as an Episcopal seat during Samuil's Empire at the end of the tenth century. The Arabian geographer Idrisi mentioned it as a wealthy city named Iskubia in the twelfth century. The city had a great progress during tsar Dushan rule. During that period in Skopje, which was a cultural and administrative centre, and there was prospering trade improved by the merchants from Dubrovnik. In that period, Dushan's Code was published in Skopje.During Ottoman rule, Skopje continued to prosper. Turks from Little Asia moved to Skopje. They built a lot of mosques, Turkish baths (Hamams) and inns. Kurshumli An ( Lead Inn) was built in the Old Bazaar, Daut Pasha Hamam is a spa erected by the grand vizier of Rumelia. The Stone Bridge over the River Vardar was built in the first half of the fifteenth century. The bridge connects the old part of the city to the new one. Skopje's Aqueduct was built at the end of the

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    fifteenth century on the old road Skopje - Kachanik. Certain repairs were performed for better water supply in the beginning of the nineteenth century. The Church of the Holy Savoir (St. Spas) was built towards the end of the seventeenth century. In the seventeenth century the city was marked by economic, cultural and territorial prosperity as well as developed craftsmanship, trade and leather processing. Skopje was burnt and completely destroyed in 1689 by the order of the Austrian general Piccolomini because of the plaque. The city could not be restored for longer period in order to match the old one. The city started to prosper again in the nineteenth century, especially after the construction of Vardar Railway in 1873, and even better prosper in 1888 by linking Morava and Vardar Railway. The number of inhabitants was constantly increasing. The number of inhabitants in 1836 was 10.000, in 1858 - 20.000 inhabitants, at