1 internet privacy concerns confirm the case for intervention
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Internet privacy concerns confirm the case for intervention
OUTLINEIntroductionPrivacy Protection and the Crisis in Public ConfidenceShould We Abandon Privacy as a Social Value?Is Ubiquitous Transparency A Better Form of Protection?Can Corporate Innovation Solve the Problem?The Necessary Regulatory FrameworkBeyond Fair Information PracticesConclusions
Introduction(1/3)Public confidence in matters of online privacy seemingly lessens as the Internet grows.Indeed, there is mounting evidence the necessary remedy may be a protective framework that includes (gulp) legislative provisions.
Introduction(2/3)Its small wonder that lack of public confidence is a serious impediment to the take-up rate of consumer e-commerce.The concerns are not merely about security of value, but about something much more significant: trust in the information society.
Introduction(3/3)Information privacy refers to the claims of individuals that data about themselves should generally not be available to other individuals and organizations.To facilitate data consolidation, governments and corporations make spasmodic attempts to impose multipurpose human identifiers.
Privacy Protection and the Crisis in Public Confidence(1/2)Against the ravages of technology-driven privacy invasion, natural defenses have proven inadequate.Data is increasingly collected and personalized. Storage technology ensures that it remains available. Database technologies make it discoverable. And telecommunications enables its rapid reticulation.
Privacy Protection and the Crisis in Public Confidence(2/2)Business and governments in most advanced countries have attributed the slow adoption of e-commerce to a severe lack of trust by consumers and small business in corporations and governments.Trust in e-commerce is dependent on multiple, interacting complex factors including consumer rights, freedom of expression ,and social equity.
Should We Abandon Privacy as a Social Value?(1/2)Meanwhile, corporations are disintegrating (in accordance with various fashions including outsourcing, downsizing, telecommuting, and virtualization), in order to take advantage of the economies of small-organization flexibility and adaptability, and owner-manager tendencies to underquote and overwork.Corporations that seek to sustain collusive arrangements may be increasingly capable of withstanding government pressure, but less able to hold off consumer groups increasingly well organized through constructive use of the Internet.
Should We Abandon Privacy as a Social Value?(2/2)If a powerful populace of the mid-21st century demands privacy, it might be quite capable of getting it. There is no irresistible force toward dehumanization. We can choose.
Is Ubiquitous Transparency A Better Form of Protection?(1/2)uncontrolled growth in visual surveillance as on the Internet, Brin argues the technological imperative is irresistible; and that privacy protections are futile.He contends that privacy can only be sustained by focusing instead on freedom of information for everyone: to achieve privacy, rely on freedom, not secrecy.
Can Corporate Innovation Solve the Problem?An even more substantial standard has been developed by the business-funded World-Wide Web Consortium (W3C).The Platform for Privacy Preferences(P3P) is an especially important architectural innovation.What these various initiatives add up to is an emergent movement to recognize a form of intellectual property (IP) rights in personal data
Can Corporate Innovation Solve the Problem?(2/2)Public confidence in governments is under serious challenge because of their increasing capability and capacity to submit their populations to data surveillance.Much of the developed world has progressively legislated broad Fair Information Practices (FIPs).
The Necessary Regulatory Framework(1/2)Although the Internet creates the prospect of coordinated consumer and citizen action, it would be premature to anticipate the present imbalance of power between organizations and individuals will be overturned soon.it is unrealistic to expect privacy to be adequately protected in the absence of intervention into government agency and marketplace behaviors.
The Necessary Regulatory Framework(2/2)In the information society and economy, law, like location, will still matter.Privacy protections demand a multitier approach, involving individuals, organizations, industry associations, and governments, operating within a legislative framework.
Beyond Fair Information Practices(1/2)Organizations must provide publicly available justification for privacy-invasive information systems, purposes and uses of data.Choice must be offered among anonymous services, pseudonymous services, and identified services.Multiple usage of identifiers must be precluded
Beyond Fair Information Practices(2/2)Control over identification and authentication tokens must be exercised by individuals, and choice must be available as to which organization issues them.The scope of privacy protections must be broadened to include all dimensions of privacy, because personal space as a whole is threatened by visual and data surveillance
Conclusions(1/3)Privacy is one of several interests in information that are greatly affected by the Internet.These interests need to be reconsidered in the context of the now well-established notions of information economics, and the emergent concept of information law.
Conclusions(2/3)A form of intellectual property rights in data about oneself needs the opportunity to mature very quickly.Privacy is both sustainable and a necessary focal point of the information society
Conclusions(3/3)Industry self-regulation and the development and application of privacy enhancing technologies are necessary.accepting that legislation and a publicly funded watchdog are essential elements within a privacy-protective framework for the information society and economy.
W3CW3C199410(World Wide Web, WWW)W3C400W3CHTMLXMLCSSInteroperabilityWWW BACK
P3PW3C Platform for Privacy Preferences Project P3PP3P 3P3P BACK
FIPFIPFair Information Practices BACK