1 2009 Year of science. 2 Koycho Mitev DIGITAL LITERACY

Download 1 2009 Year of science. 2 Koycho Mitev DIGITAL LITERACY

Post on 30-Dec-2015




2 download

Embed Size (px)


<ul><li><p>2009Year of science</p></li><li><p>Koycho MitevDIGITAL LITERACY </p></li><li><p>INTERNTIONAL STANDARDSMankind has created a number of internationally coordinated systems for presenting a common description of various aspects and objects of knowledge the international system of weights and measures, the system of presenting chemical elements with letters from the Latin alphabet, the music letter, the barcode system for recognizing products in shops, and many others.</p></li><li><p>THE NOTES </p></li><li><p>THE BARCODE SYSTEM </p><p>US Patent #2,612,994- issued to inventors Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver on October 7, 1952</p></li><li><p>THE PERIODIC SYSTEM OF CHEMICAL ELEMENTSDmitrii Mendeleev </p></li><li><p>QUESTION </p><p>Is it possible that there exists AN INTERNATIONAL STANDARD FOR DIGITAL COMMUNICATION IN MOTHER TONGUE, where the actual interpreter of the voice and written speech is the computer? </p></li><li><p>You speak in your mother tongue, and someone at the other side of the world hears your voice but in his/her own language!? . </p></li><li><p>Centuries birthday of JOHN ATANASOVAcad. Sendov http://www.aba.government.bg/bg/BGpoSveta/Kariera/021203.html </p></li><li><p>SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY DIGITAL SCRIPT</p><p>A scientific discovery must meet simultaneously three requirements :</p><p>. CAUSEB. EFFECTC. CAUSE-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP</p></li><li><p> CAUSES - 1The topic of communication all over the world is one and the same work, money, sport, love, business, education, culture, etc.</p></li><li><p>CAUSES - 2The organs of speech of human beings are the same for all ethnic, racial, and religious groups. </p></li><li><p>CAUSES - 3The digit 10 hides secrets !!!The parts of speech in all languages are exactly 10 in number: noun, adjective, numeral, pronoun, verb, conjunction, preposition, particle, and interjection. </p></li><li><p>EFFECTWith the help of the digits from the decimal system we can transform communicative spoken and written speech from a random language or dialect into any other language. </p></li><li><p>CAUSE-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP - 1Undeniable scientific facts:The digits from the decimal system: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 are 10 in number and the initial digital codes of the 10 parts of speech can be simply coded with their help. Regardless of its language origin, the sentence is a basic element of speech and is characterized by semantic and intonation unity with communicative importance. </p></li><li><p>CAUSE-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP - 2The digits and punctuation symbols on the computer keyboard are common for all languages in the world. </p></li><li><p>CAUSE-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP - 3The grammar of all languages consists of the same elements: phonetics; morphology; syntax; lexicology; semantics.</p></li><li><p>CAUSE-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP - 4The sounds which human beings use in their communication are a two-digit number and can be coded in the same way in all languages.</p></li><li><p>CAUSE-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP - 5The digital representation of spoken and written speech can be transformed in a binary code using John Atanassovs invention and can be transmitted in real time (on line) to any place in the world. </p></li><li><p>THE INVENTION</p><p>Patent BG 63704 04.10.2002</p><p>METHOD FOR COMMUNICATION IN MOTHER TONGUE</p></li><li><p>Kiochiro Matsura Secretary- general of UNESCO More than half of the 6 800 languages that are spoken today can disappear by the end of the century. When a language dies part of the world dies. Language is more than an ordinary tool and a means of communication. It is a fundamental element of human nature. More than 20% of all languages do not have a written version. In Africa, where a third of the human languages are recorded, 80 % of the dialects do not have a scrip and exist only in a spoken form. Therefore, they are in danger of disappearing. </p></li><li><p>NATURE OF THE INVENTIONThe communicative spoken and written speech is recorded a single time in the memory of the computer with the help of digits. A system of digital codes is entered and it allows the identification of equivalent words ( including idioms), phrases, and the entire grammar of the particular language. </p></li><li><p>Digital coding of phonetic speech</p><p>The number of sounds in speech is a two-digit number. The characteristics of the phonemes are coded with the help of digits: serial number; vowel or consonant; short or long, stressed, etc. for the vowels; type of consonant voiced opposed to voiceless. 01100 01 serial number, the third digit 1 is a vowel, the fourth digit 0 is a short vowel, the fifth digit 0 a vowel in a stressed syllable. In Czech, Slovak and other language there are long vowels (nemm) Then the fourth digit will be 1. Or : long vowel under stress - 01111</p></li><li><p>Digital coding of phonetic speechB 02200 02 serial number, the third digit 2 is for a consonant, the fourth 0 is for voiceless (not voiced), the fifth digit another characteristic of the consonants (long or double consonant in-innocent; in Arabic - arrabia); () in Russian language 1721017 serial number, the third digit 2 is for a consonant, the fourth digit 1 is for a voiced consonant; the fifth digit is for a double consonant long or double consonant.And so on for all sounds, the same for all languages. </p></li><li><p>Digital coding of phonetic speechThe digital representation of the phonetic speech is a combination of the digital codes of the phonemes. The number of digits for identification of sound will be the same for all phonemes ( for example 5 digits); The digital representation of the separate syllables and word is a sum of the digital codes of the phonemes that comprise the respective syllables and words. This applies for diphthongs, ai, ou, ei, ie, etc. </p></li><li><p>Phoneme RecognitionSimilar to the systems for fingerprint identification, where the name of a particular person corresponds to a print, with phonemes there will be a single and common for all languages digital code that will correspond to the graphical representation of each phoneme. </p></li><li><p>Phoneme RecognitionThe digital representation of words can be designed in a way that will allow taking into account reduction of vowels, devocalization of consonants and other phonetic phenomena typical of dialects. These variants will also correspond to the written variants of the word so that the software can recognize the spoken language. </p></li><li><p>Recognition of phonemesexampleCnad digital representation of the word:0320001101142000110104100 01101 </p></li><li><p>MORPHOLOGICAL CODESThe morphological codes will show consecutively what part of speech the word belongs to, its grammatical categories, and other characteristics.The first digit part of speech (10 parts of speech) will identify the part of speech. Zero (0) will be for nouns, One (1) will be for adjectives, five (5) will be for verbs, etc.</p></li><li><p>MORPHOLOGICAL CODES2. The second digit GENDER 0 no gender, 1 masculine gender, 2 feminine gender, 3 neuter gender;3. The third digit NUMBER 0 no number, 1 singular, 2 plural;4. Fourth and fifth digit VERB TENSE (in some languages the number of verb tenses is a two-digit number); </p></li><li><p>MORPHOLOGICAL CODES5. Sixth and seventh digit CASE (in some languages there is a two-digit number of cases). Languages which do not have cases (such as Bulgarian and English) write 00.6. Seventh and next digits other grammatical categories and / or characteristics of words such as being countable /uncountable or animate / inanimate nouns. </p></li><li><p>MORPHOLOGICAL CODESThe tenses with compound verb forms (consisting of two or more words) are coded as the phrases.The digital phonetic and morphological codes are recorded in an electronic dictionary against each word entered in it.</p></li><li><p>Coding of phrases, collocations, proverbs, etc.The digital codes of the separate words are connected by an underscore. In this way the program will understand that this is one semantic unit which consists of many words: Leje_ ako_ z_ konvy. (Slovak) It_is_raining_ cats_ and_ dogs.</p></li><li><p>Coding according to field of knowledgeOur knowledge of the word is divided into various fields where words have different meanings (idioms). These fields of knowledge are coded in the same manner for all languages:01everyday speech02business03 scienceetc with a possibility for up to 99 fields of knowledge, etc. with a possibilities for 99 fields of knowledge. </p></li><li><p>Coding according to field of knowledgeThe digital codes of words start with the code for the field of knowledge.If a word has a different semantic meaning in the different fields it is coded separately for each field of knowledge. Semantic synonymy is achieved in this way. </p></li><li><p>Coding of synonymsWords which have synonyms can be grouped and arranged according to various aspects of their meaning, for example everyday speech, slang, expressing of quality, etc. The digital codes of these groups are then added to the other codes. </p></li><li><p>Syntactic parserTo perform a syntactic analysis of sentences we need to design software which includes all parts of speech, their grammatical categories and other characteristics. This programmed will apply separately the grammatical, syntactic, etc rules of each language. We should note that the components are the same for all languages but they interact differently according to the grammar rules of the particular languages. </p></li><li><p>Syntactic analysisEach sentence is analyzed syntactically before it is translated. To do so the programme finds the predicate centre of the sentence (the subject verb relationship). The predicate is found first. It is a verb. The verbs starts with the digit 5. Then the program searches for the subject. It can be a pronoun or a noun which agrees with the verb in gender and number (the second and the third digit) according to the particular word order. The analysis continues until the software finds the syntactic function of each word in the particular sentence.</p></li><li><p>Coding of the syntactic function of words in sentences </p><p>Now the algorithms for machine translation apply the so called Statistical method. For the first time now there exists an opportunity for assigning a TEMPORARY code to each word in a sentence. This temporary code shows the function of the word subject, predicate, attribute, adverbial, etc. </p></li><li><p>Coding of the syntactic function of words in sentencesThe temporary codes for the syntactic functions of words will allow the digital codes from one language to be transformed in the respective digital codes in the other language in bulk. Then in the second language a new syntactic analysis, a subject-verb agreement, and management is carried out before the sentence is translated grammatically correct according to the word order rules.</p></li><li><p>Language codeThis code presents the origin of the language and its dialects:000100Standard Bulgarian language000101Rhodopi dialect (from the Rhodope region)000102Shopski dialect (from Sofia region)000102and so on till 199000200Standard British English000201American English000202and so on to 299</p></li><li><p>Language code000800Standard French language000801French spoken in Quebec008002Second French dialect008003another French dialect, etc.Over 6800 languages (the number can be expanded up to 9999 languages) can be identified with the help of the first four digits of these codes. The rest of the codes can be used to identify up to 99 dialects in each language. </p></li><li><p>Sequence in the programming of written speech</p></li><li><p>Sequence in the programming of spoken speech</p></li><li><p>EXAMPLEBG !EN This invention will transform our ideas about communication!GR !Arab !RU !D Diese Erfindung wird unsere Vorstellungen von der Kommunikation verndern!</p></li><li><p>The future of this scientific discovery free communication in mother tongue!.</p></li><li><p>Possibilities of the technologyAfter recording the human voice once ( as if taking fingerprints), the program will allow you to speak in Bulgarian ( or any other human language entered in the system) and people on the other end of the telephone line, Skype, microphone, etc. will hear you in their own language but with your voice. The missing phonemes from your language will be added by a synthesizer. The members of the European parliament will speak in their mother tongue but the rest in the hall will hear them in their own languages. The delay will be the same as in live interpreting the time the program needs to perform a syntactic analysis of one sentence. The program can be uploaded on the computers of your mobile service provider. You can open a random Internet site written in a random language and read it in your language.</p></li><li><p>Vision for the development of the technologyA pilot model for written translation between 4-5 languages;A pilot model for a speech translation;Licensing by the universities around the world;Every language and dialect will become part of system for communication in a mother tongue after a one-time coding of grammar, words, and collocations; Communication between two distant languages ( such that do not have linguists who know the languages) will be carried out through another basic language such as English. If we do not do this now, communication will be through Chinese soon. </p></li><li><p>The others for us India (page 24 from the text, or page 19 from 132 of PDF file): http://www.saneinetwork.net/pdf/SANEI_VI/SANEI-VI-(EcommerceandEconomicDevelopment_FPEPR).pdf </p></li><li><p>The others for usFrance Press Agencyhttp://www.bulgaria-france.net/kmitev.html One invention against terrorism: http://www.democrit.com/category.php?n=330&amp;cat=27&amp;br=12&amp;wh_n=news17 </p><p>China radio international http://bg.chinabroadcast.cn/64/2005/09/29/1@28758.htm </p></li><li><p>The others for usBablePort USAhttp://www.babelport.com/news/1106 A Great Bulgarian Invention is waitinghttp://www.novavizia.com/399.html Vietnam http://www.daichung.com/110/12_tinnho.shtm SlovakiaWill a brilliant Bulgarian invention change human communication? http://www.itnews.sk/buxus_dev/generate_page.php?page_id=37989 </p></li><li><p>Belarusian Academy of Sciences</p></li><li><p>THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!Dipl. Eng. Koycho MitevE-mail: koycho.mitev@gmail.com Pictures from the Internet that are subject to copyright law are used in this presentation but since this document is not written for commercial purposes the author thanks for the understanding. June 2009 Copyright </p></li></ul>