{ american renaissance roughly mid-nineteenth century roughly mid-nineteenth century

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{ American Renaissance Roughly mid-nineteenth century Roughly mid-nineteenth century Slide 2 a loosely used term to describe a time period around 1850 1855 when The United States of America produced many of its masterpieces -- American Renaissance ~ mid 19 th Century Slide 3 Thoreaus Walden (1854) Hawthornes Scarlet Letter (1850) Melvilles Moby Dick (1851) Dickinsons poetry Whitmans Leaves of Grass (1855) AUTHORS AND WORKS Slide 4 Walt Whitman 1819 -- 1892 Slide 5 Born May 31, 1819 ~ grew up in New York State, second of nine children At age of twelve, learned the printer's trade & fell in love with the written word Largely self-taught -- read voraciously Worked as a printer in New York City At age of 17, became a teacher in the one-room school houses of Long Island 1841 ~ became a journalist & founded a weekly paper -- Brooklyn Daily Eagle 1848 ~ left Daily Eagle to become editor of the New Orleans Crescent In New Orleans, experienced at first hand the viciousness of slavery 1845 ~ returned to Brooklyn & founded a "free soil" newspaper: Brooklyn Freeman 1855 ~ self-published first edition of Leaves of Grass Sent a copy to Emerson in July of 1855. During Civil War, Whitman vowed to live a "purged" and "cleansed" life Did freelance journalism and visited the wounded at New York-area hospitals 1862 ~ traveled to Washington, D.C. to care for his wounded brother Decided to stay in D.C. and work in the hospitals -- stayed for 11 years. Struggled to support himself through most of his life 1882 Leaves of Grass gave him enough money to buy a home in Camden. Whitmans life Slide 6 Slide 7 verse that does not follow a fixed, metrical pattern; it does not have a set rhyme or rhythm Example: Fog by Carl Sandburg It sits looking Over harbor and city On silent haunches And then moves on. Free Verse Slide 8 Slide 9 repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses (Merriam-Webster.com) Example from Dickens Tale of Two Cities ~ It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity., it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us Anaphora Slide 10 repetition of the same consonant ~ especially at the end of stressed syllables without similarity in vowels Example from Owens Arms and the Boy Let the boy try along this bayonet blade How cold steel is, and keen with hunger blood Blue with all malice, like a madmans flash; And thinly drawn with famishing for flesh Consonance Slide 11 use of words that begin with the same sound near one another Examples: Bubbling brook Gurgling goose Moving mouth Alliteration Slide 12 Emily Dickinson 1830 -- 1886 Slide 13 Born 1830, daughter to a U.S. congressman, privileged Massachusetts household Haunted by the menace of death her words Wrote +/- 800 poems between 1858 - 1865 Known as a recluse; stayed in her room When seen, only wearing white Poet of Paradox; Paradox of a Poet hymn sounding poems and religious reconciliation Published a dozen poems in her lifetime After her death, her sister discovered 1800 poems Emily Dickinson ~ Slide 14 1. Is this poem about life and death? Explain your answer with the text. 2. Thanatopsis is an elegy. What is an elegy? What elements of Thanatopsis meet those conventions? (per instructions, mark on poem) 3. This poem was written in the early 19 th century when art was dominated by untamed landscapes, views of the skies, and vistas. How would you draw this poem? What visual landscape does it create? Describe in a paragraph or draw and diagram. Thanatopsis Thanos = Death; Opsis = Seeing


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