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  • /km\tf/ ultdf al9/x]sf] a[4 hg;ª\Vof / a'9\of}nL cjlwn] k|To]s /fi6«nfO{ r'gf}tL / cj;/ b'a} lnP/ cfPsf] 5 . vf; u/L ljsf;zLn /fi6«x? ;fd' l;dLt >f]t / ;fwgaf6 Ho]i7 gful/s ;'xfpbf] ;]jf ;'ljwfsf] ljsf; ug'{ kg]{ r'gf}tL Psflt/ 5 eg] Ho]i7 gful/sdf /x]sf] kl/kSj 1fg / ;LknfO{ a}1flgs t/Lsfn] pkof]u ug'{ kg]{ r'gf}tL csf]{ tkm{ /x]sf] 5 . g]kfn klg of] ;d:ofaf6 c5'tf] /xg] s'/} ePg . aflif{s #=% k|ltztsf b/n] al9/x]sf] Ho]i7 gful/ssf] ;ª\VofnfO{ plrt Joj:yfkg u/L logsf] hLjgnfO{ x/]s b[li6n] ;'/lIft / cfTd;Ddfgn] el/Psf] agfpg ca sDd/ s:g] a]nf cfO;s]sf] 5 . vf; u/L ‘k9]/ hfGg]’ nfO{ dfq dxTj lbOg] g]kfnL ;dfhdf ‘k/]/ hfGg]’ x?sf] 1fg / ;Lkaf/] vf]hL u/L pd]/ ;'xfpbf] sfo{qmdx?sf] yfngL ug'{ kb{5 .

    x/]s If]qdf pd]/ lje]bLs/0fn] h/f] uf8]sf] g]kfnL ;dfhdf Ho]i7 gful/s k|lt kl/jf/, ;dfh / /fi6«n] klg ;sf/fTds ;f]r /fv]sf] kfO{+b}g . To;}n] lzIff, :jf:Yo, kf]if0f b]lv lnP/ a9\b} uO/x]sf] zx/Ls/0f, tL zx/df aGg] 3/ klg pd]/ ;dfj]zL x'g' clt cfjZos eO;s]sf] 5 . vf; u/L ;a} /fi6«x? aLr ;fem]bf/Lsf] ljsf; u/L x/]s pd]/sf JolStsf] cfwf/e"t cfjZostfsf] kl/k"lt{ ub}{ ;a}n] ;Ddfghgs hLjg AffFRg kfpg' kb{5 eGg] dg;fon] ;+o'St /fi6« ;+3n] !& j6f nIox? lgwf{/0f u/L ;g\ @)!^ b]lv @)#) ;Dd k"/f ug{ cfkm\gf ;b:o /fi6«x?nfO{ cfx\jfg u/]sf] 5 . k[YjLsf] jftfj/0fLo kIfsf] /Iff ub}{ ;+;f/df a:g] ;a} k|f0fLsf nflu x/]s lsl;dn] eod'St hLjgsf] ljsf; ug{ k|f]T;flxt ub}{ oL nIo k'/f ug{ g}lts bafa klg lbPsf] 5 . k[YjL, o;df a:g] ;a} ;hLj k|f0fLsf] ;femf 3/ ePsfn] o;sf] /Iff ub}{ ;a} pd]/, zfl//Ls cj:yf, lnª\u / hfthfltsf dflg;n] hLjgsf] cfgGb p7fpg kfpg\ eGg] kljq efjgfaf6 k|]l/t oL nIo k'/f ug'{ klg x/]s /fi6«sf] st{Ao x'g]5 . oL nIo k|fKt ug{ / o;af6 ;a}n] cfgGb lng] jftfj/0f agfpg g]kfn h:tf sd ljsl;t /fi6«, h;df clxn] 7"nf] lx:;fsf] ?kdf /x]sf] / wdfwd a9L /x]sf] Ho]i7 gful/snfO{ alGrt u/L c;Dej 5 . oxL sf/0f /fHon] h'g;'s} lsl;dsf] gLlt tyf sfo{qmd agfpbf Ho]i7 gful/snfO{ la;{g] xf] eg] Tof] ck'/f] x'g]5 .

    To;}n] ca gofF ;+ljwfg cg';f/sf] P]g, lgodfjnL agfpFbf xf];\ jf eO/x]sf sfg"gsf] ;+zf]wg ubf{ Ho]i7 gful/ssf] ;xeflutf / pgLx?sf] /fo, ;Nnfx lng' clt cfaZos b]lvPsf] 5 . ca ;/sf/n] c? lsl;dsf ;dfj]zLtfsf dfq s'/f u/]/ xF'b}g, b]zsf] hg;ª\Vof jgf]6df 7"nf] lx:;f cf]u6\g] Ho]i7 gful/snfO x/]s If]qdf ;xefuL agfpg pd]/ ;dfj]zLtfnfO{ klxnf] k|fyldstfdf /fVg' kb{5 . lsgls ;a} hfthflt / lnª\usf dflg; Ps lbg cjZo a'9fa'9L x'G5g\ . hGd kl5 d[To" zf:jt ;To eP h:t}] dflg; cfkm\gf] hLjg k"/f afFRof] eg] a[4a[4f x''g' klg ToxL hLjgsf] csf]{ zf:jt ;To xf] .

    a9\bf] j[4 hg;+Vof / o;sf] r'gf}tL

    www.ageingnepal.org, Email: ageingnep@gmail.com

    ;Nnfxsf/ M

    /fh]Gb| bfxfn

    hLj/fd e08f/L

    ;Dkfbs÷k|sfzs M

    s[i0fd'/fl/ uf}td

    -r6\ofª df:6/_

    ;x ;Dkfbs M

    k|sfz uf}td

    ;Dkfbg ;ldlt M

    e"ldbQ kf}8]n

    dfl0fs /Tg zfSo

    ;fljqf zdf{

    cho u'?ª

    Joj:yfks M

    ;~h' yfkf du/

    sDKo'6/ M

    ;'zLnf >]i7

    ;xof]uL M

    lbjz

    n]–cfp6 M

    ;"o{ a'9fyf]sL

    d'b|s M

    pknlAw k|sfzg ;]jf k|f= ln=

    u}/Lwf/f, sf7df8f}+,

    kmf]g g+= )!–$)))%@&,

    Ho]i7 gful/s sfof{no M

    /fdrGb| dfu{,

    aQL;k'tnL,sf7df8f}+,

    3/ g+= #$), kf]=a=g+= %($#,

    kmf]g g+= (&&–)!–$$*%*@&,

    ;DkfbsLo = = =

  • c;f]h÷sflQs cÍ –@)&@4 Ho]i7 gful/s -å}dfl;s klqsf_

    xl/ k|;fb zdf{ 9'+u]n ;/:jtLgu/, sf7df08f}

    ;'vdo a'9\of}nL n]v

    dflg; hGdbf s'g} of]hgf lagf g} hGdG5 . o; ;+;f/df slxn] hGdg] / s;sf] sf]vaf6 hGdg] eGg] s'/f s;}sf] of]hgf leq kb}{g . jfNosfn clwsf+ztM 8fx, O{iof{ / å}z lag} laT5 . w]/}nfO{ nfU5 jfNosfn dg'io hLjgsf] pQd sfn xf], g jt{dfg g e"t g eljios} lrGtfn] lk/f]N5 . lk/f]lnG5g\ eg] c? lk/f]lnG5g\, p cfk"m xf]Og . Pp6f kIfaf6 x]bf{ hLjgsf] of] ;do clt pQd ;do xf] eg]/ klg dfGg] ul/G5 .

    lg/Gt/ ?kn] la:tf/} la:tf/} hLjgsf] ljsf;qmd cufl8 al9/x]sf] x'G5 . ha p o'jf x'G5, hLjg sNkgf, ;kgf, p2]Zo / sd{sf] ;]/f]km]/f]df 3'Db5 . o'jf ca:yfaf6 k|f}9fa:yfdf kbfk{0f ubf{ g ub}{ lhDd]jf/L, pQ/bfloTj, jt{dfg / eljiosf] lrGtfn] 3]l/;s]sf] x'G5 . o:t} rqmdf ?dlNnb} ubf{ yfx} gkfO hLjg ?kL ;"o{ la:tf/} la:tf/} c:tfrnlt/ nlDs ;s]sf] x'G5 . b}lgsLsf :j?k ablnG5 . e]63f6sf qmdx? klg km]l/G5g\ . e]6\g cfpg] dflg;x?df klg kl/jt{g cfpg yfNb5 . dflg;n] w]/} u+eL/tf k"j{s glnPsf] xf] ls eGg] cfefif lt/ klg dg z;+lst x'g vf]Hb5 . efOaf6 bfO, sfsf, a'af x'b} xh'/ af ;Dd k'Ubf hLjgn] 7"n} rqm 3'ld;s]sf] x'G5 .

    dg'io hLjg ;a}sf] Ps} k|sf/sf] geO km/s / ljljwtfk"0f{ x'G5 / hLjg z}nL klg leGg leGg vfnsf] g]kfnLx?sf] ;+:sf/ eg]sf]

    k'/f0fx?af6 lgb]{lzt 5 . k'/f0fsf cfVofg / AofVofgdf a'9\of}nLsf] sxLF st} lrGtfsf] l:ytL b]lvGg . lsgeg] afa'cfdfsf] x]/rfx /]vb]v ug]{ sfd ;Gtfgsf] st{Ao leq kb{5 / pgLx?n] a8f] >4f / cfTdLotfsf ;fy ;]jf;'>';f ub{5g\ / cflzjf{b k|fKt u/L cfk"mnfO{ wGo wGo ;DemG5g\ . t/ ;don] sf]N6] km]l/;s]sf] 5 . ;+o'St kl/jf/ Psn kl/jf/df kl/0ft x'g]qmd j9bf] 5 . sltko l:ytLdf sdfpg, k9\g ljb]z hfg] sf/0fn] ubf{ klg a'9fa'9L PSn} a:g' kg]{ l:ytLsf] ;[hgf eO;s]sf] 5 . o; cnfjf ;Gtfgn] x]b}{ gx]g]{ / jf:t} gug]{ l:ytL klg b]lvPsf 5g\ . ljb]zdf / g]kfndf klg cr]n a[4f>dx?df a:g] / /fVg] rng rln;s]sf] 5 . hxfF cfkm\gf x}l;ot cg';f/sf] a:g] ;'lawf k|fKt ug{ ;lsG5 . rfx] b]zdf xf]; jf ljb]zdf o; vfn] a[4f>dsf y'k|} c;+ult / lj;+ult ;'lgG5g\ . hlt g} ;'lawf ePklg kfl/jfl/s jftfj/0fsf] k|]dk"j{ssf] a;fOF{ / ;–;fgf gflt

    lxhf]] 7"nf] kl/>d, d]xgt / ;'ema'emsf ;fy sfo{ u¥of], pknAwL xfl;n u¥of], 5f]/f5f]/L nfO ;Ifd agfof] t/ cfh p lg/Lx eP/ bogLo b[li6n] ;xof]usf] ck]Iff /flv qf;k"0f{ ?kdf cfkm\gf cfFvfx? 3'dfPsf] b[Zo lgZro klg Xboljbf/s / si6;fWo cg'e"t x'G5 .

    lxhf]] 7"nf] kl/>d, d]xgt / ;'ema'emsf ;fy sfo{ u¥of], pknAwL xfl;n u¥of], 5f]/f5f]/L nfO ;Ifd agfof] t/ cfh p lg/Lx eP/ bogLo b[li6n] ;xof]usf] ck]Iff /flv qf;k"0f{ ?kdf cfkm\gf cfFvfx? 3'dfPsf] b[Zo lgZro klg

  • c;f]h÷sflQs cÍ –@)&@ 5Ho]i6 gful/s -å}dfl;s klqsf_

    gfltgf;+u /dfOnf]df ?dlnP/ cfk"m afNosfndf kms]{sf] cg'e"lt cGt sxfF kfpg ;lsG5 / <

    log} kl/l:yltsf] aLrdf clxn]sf] a'9\of}nL s;/L v'zL ;fy latfpg ;lsG5 eGg] uxg rrf{ kl/rrf{sf] laifo ePsf] 5 . lxhf]] 7"nf] kl/>d, d]xgt / ;'ema'emsf ;fy sfo{ u¥of], pknAwL xfl;n u¥of], 5f]/f5f]/L nfO ;Ifd agfof] t/ cfh p lg/Lx eP/ bogLo b[li6n] ;xof]usf] ck]Iff /flv qf;k"0f{ ?kdf cfkm\gf cfFvfx? 3'dfPsf] b[Zo lgZro klg Åboljbf/s / si6;fWo cg'e"t x'G5 . a'9];sfn hLjgsf] zfZjt ;To xf]] o;nfO s;/L ;xhtf ;fy latfpg] eGg] s'/f cfkm}Fn] k|of; / cEof; u/]/ k|fKt ug]{ s'/f xf] . elgG5, dflg;n] csf{sf] cg's/0f ug'{ 7Ls x}g lsgeg] x/]s dflg;sf] JolStut u'0f, wd{, k|s[lt cflbdf km/s 5g\ tf klg df]6fdf]6L ?kdf s]xL o:tf kIfx? 5g\ h;sf] cg';/0f u/]df afFsL hLjg /fd|f];Fu latfpg lgZro klg ;xof]u k'Ub5 . hLjg Pp6f ofqf xf] . pbfx/0fsf nflu xfdL Pp6f /]n ofqfnfO lng ;St5f}F . h'g ;do ofq' /]ndf r9\5,

    p;nfO s'g :6];gdf cf]n{g] eGg] s'/f yfxf x'G5 . ha cfk"m cf]n{g] :6];g glhs cfp5, ofq'n] cfkm\gf ;fdfgx? ;d]6\g nfU5 / :6];g cfPkl5 of] ;km/sf ;xofqL ;+u labf eP/ cf]n{G5 . a'9];sfnsf] cy{ g} ca ofqfsf] clGtd r/0fdf cfO{ k'Ug nfluof] eGg] xf] . o;sf] tof/Lsf nflu cfWoflTds lrGtg / dgg lgtfGt cfjZos 5 . a'em\g' kg]{ s'/f s'g} klg sfd ubf{ To; k|lt cfk"mn] /fVg] stf{efj xf] cyf{t\ of] sfo{sf] k|f/De / o; sfo{af6 lglZrt kmn lgsfNg] d} x'F eGg] efj g} stf{efj xf] . oxL efjn], ;f]rn] / b[li6sf]0fn] dfgj hLjgnfO{ si6s/ tyf b'Mvdo agfpb5 . h'g If0f dlg;n] …sd{0o] jf lwsf/:t] df kmn];' sbfrg+Ú sf] uLtfsf] efjnfO{ cfTd;ft ub{5, p;n] af]s]sf] ux|f}+ efl/ xn'sf x'G5 . s'g} sfo{sf] kmn d}n] ;f]r] cg';f/ g} k|fKt x'G5 eGg] ;f]r g} b'vsf] sf/s tTj xf] . kmnsf] cfz gu/L b[9 lgZrosf ;fy sd{df s]Gb|Lt x'Fbf b'Mv, lrGtf / kL8fsf] efj cfpg kfpb}g .

    hLjgsf x/]s cj:yf cfkm\g} 9+un] laT5 .

  • c;f]h÷sflQs cÍ –@)&@6 Ho]i6 gful/s -å}dfl;s klqsf_

    jfNosfn v]ns'b ub}{ hfG5, o'jfj:yf /dfOnf] / k9fOdf, k|f}9fj:yf cfh{g / 3/ Aoaxf/ wfGg, jt{dfg / eljiosf] lrGtfdf laT5 . dxlif{ jlzi7n] eujfg /fdnfO sd{ / k|f/Aw -efUo_ sf] ljj]rgf ub}{ efUo eGbf sd{ g} alnof] xf] eGg] s'/f …of]u jflzi7Ú df k|ltkfbg ug'{ ePsf]5 . o;} ;Gbe{df o; hGddf u/]sf] c;n sfo{sf ;fy} cfWoflTds lrGtg dgg\n] csf]{ hGddf 7"nf] ;xof]u x'g] s'/f pNn]v 5 . cfWoflTds lrGtg / dggn] dgnfO zfGt ug{ 7"nf] d2t ub{5 . dg zfGt eO{ ;s]kl5 dgsf efjx? qmdzM x/fpb} hfG5g\ / …ci6fjqm dxfuLtfÚ df eg] h:tf] …Psf] ljz'4 jf]wf] xldlt lglZro alGxgf, k|HjfNof 1fguxg+ jLt zf]sM ;'vL ejÚ cyf{t\, d ;a} k|sf/sf lasf/x?af6 k/ Ps dfq 1fg ?k x'F, o:tf] lgiro u/L lgZro?kL cfuf]df c1fgsf] uxg / ljzfn h+unnfO 89fP/ -eid u/]/_ ;a} k|sf/sf] zf]saf6 d'St eP/ ;'vL xf}F .

    dflg; b'MvL x'g'df k|d'v sf/s tTj dgsf] efj xf] . efj g} ;'v b'Mvsf] sf/0f xf] . To;sf/0f hLjgsf ljleGg sfn v08df u/fF} eg]/ ug{ gEofPsf s'/fx?, hfpF eGbf klg k'm;{b geP/ hfg g;s]sf 7fpFx?, k9fF} eg]/ k9\g gkfPsf / gEofPsf lstfax? oxL ;dodf k9\g] xf] / oxL ;dodf e|d0f ug]{ xf] . sd ;] sd aif{df Ps k6s s'g} gofF 7fpsf] e|d0f cjZo ug]{ xf] . e|d0f eGg] lalQs} vlr{nf] 7fpFsf] ofqf ug'{ kb{5 eGg] 5}g . cfkm\gf] ;fdYo{n] h] h:tf] EofpF5 ToxL cg';f/sf] Joj:yf ug{ ;lsG5 . o;n] z/L/df :k'mlt{ / dgdf zflGtsf] efj cfp5 . o;sf ;fy} cfk'm;Fu s'/f ldNg] ;dao:s jf c? s'g} ;d"x jf JolStx?;Fu ljljw laifo a:t'x?df ;do ;dodf 5nkmndf efu lng' klg /dfOnf] x'G5 . elgG5, efUojfg dflg;x?sf a'9];sfn ;Dd klg hf]8L ;xL ;nfdt /xG5g\ . h;sf hf]8L;Fu} 5g\ pgLx?n] klg obfsbf s]xL ;dosf nflu 5'§f5'§}

    sfo{qmdx?df ;xeflu eP/ s]xL ;dosf] cGt/fndf e]6 x'Fbf emg} /dfOnf] x'G5 . ;a} eGbf k|d'v kIf JolStsf] :jf:YonfO klxnf] k|fyldstfdf /fVg' kb{5 . /fd|f] :jf:Yosf nflu Wofg lbg' kg]{ vfgkfg xf] . lha|f]sf] :jfbsf nflu z/L/nfO gf]S;fg x'g] sfd ug'{ x'b}g . hLjgsf] of] uf]/]6f] ;Dd cfOk'Ubf cfkm\gf] z/L/nfO s] c