© 2015 albert-learning.com pyramids pyramids. © 2015 albert-learning.com pyramids meaning a...

Download © 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids PYRAMIDS. © 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids Meaning A Pyramid (from Greek: πυραμίς pyramids) is a structure whose

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  • Slide 1
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids PYRAMIDS
  • Slide 2
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids Meaning A Pyramid (from Greek: pyramids) is a structure whose shape is roughly that of a pyramid in the geometric sense; that is, its outer surfaces are triangular and converge to a single point at the top. The base of a pyramid can be trilateral, quadrilateral, or any polygon shape, meaning that a pyramid has at least three outer triangular surfaces (at least four faces including the base). The square pyramid, with square base and four triangular outer surfaces, is a common version. For thousands of years, the largest structures on earth were pyramids first the red pyramid in the dashur necropolis and then the great pyramid of Khufu, both of Egypt, the latter the only one of the seven wonders of the ancient world still remaining.
  • Slide 3
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids VOCABULARY RoughlyIn a rough or violent manner:/ nearly; almost; about; approximately: QuadrilateralHaving four sides. StillRemaining in place or at rest; stationary: CemeteryA place where the dead are buried, esp one not attached to a church
  • Slide 4
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids Design A pyramid's design, with the majority of the weight closer to the ground, and with the pyramidion on top means that less material higher up on the pyramid will be pushing down from above. This distribution of weight allowed early civilizations to create stable monumental structures. Hexagonal pyramid Tetrahedron Square pyramid Pentagonal pyramid
  • Slide 5
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids The Egyptian pyramids of the Giza Necropolis, as seen from the air Pyramid of the Moon, Teotihuacan
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  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids Prasat Thom temple at Koh Ker Pyramids of Gmar, Tenerife(Spain)
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  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids Madghacen king's burial conical pyramids of ancient Algeria (Numidia) Chogha Zanbil is an ancient Elamite complex in the Khuzestan province of Iran.
  • Slide 8
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids "Pyramid" in the context of ancient architecture primarily refers to the Egyptian pyramids Pyramids have been built by civilizations in many parts of the world Various other structures built in antiquity have also been called pyramids: "Pyramid" in the context of ancient architecture primarily refers to the Egyptian pyramids Pyramids have been built by civilizations in many parts of the world Various other structures built in antiquity have also been called pyramids:
  • Slide 9
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids "Chinese pyramids are ancient mausoleums and burial mounds built to house the remains of several early emperors of China and their imperial relatives. The most famous is the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, northeast of Xi'an They have flat tops, and thus are more similar in shape to the Teotihuacan pyramids north- east of Mexico City, Mexico than to the pyramids in Giza, Egypt. Although known in the West for at least a century, their existence has been made controversial by sensationalist publicity and the problems of Chinese archaeology in early 20th century. The tumulus mound covering the tomb of Emperor Jing of Han (r. 156-141 BCE), located outside of Xi'an
  • Slide 10
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids Nubian pyramids are pyramids that were built by the rulers of the ancient Kushite kingdoms. Prior to the Kushites building these pyramids, there had been no pyramid construction in Egypt and the Nile Valley for more than 500 years. Wide view of Nubian pyramids, Meroe. Three of these pyramids are reconstructed.
  • Slide 11
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids The Pyramid of Cestius (in Italian, Piramide di Caio Cestio or Piramide Cestia) is an ancient pyramid in Rome, Italy, near the Porta San Paolo and the Protestant cc. It stands at a fork between two ancient roads, the Via Ostiensis and another road that ran west to the Tiber along the approximate line of the modern Via della Marmorata. Due to its incorporation into the city's fortifications, it is today one of the best-preserved ancient buildings in Rome. Night view from Porta San PaoloThe Pyramid of Cestius
  • Slide 12
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids Modern pyramids The Louvre Pyramid in Paris, France, in the court of the Louvre Museum, is a 20.6 meter (about 70 foot) glass structure which acts as an entrance to the museum. It was designed by the American architect I. M. Pei and completed in 1989.
  • Slide 13
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids The Luxor Hotel in Las Vegas, United States, is a 30-story true pyramid with light beaming from the top.
  • Slide 14
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids The 32-story Pyramid Arena in Memphis, Tennessee (a city named after the ancient Egyptian capital whose name itself was derived from the name of one of its pyramids). Built in 1991, it was the home court for the University of Memphis men's basketball program, and the National Basketball Association's Memphis Grizzlies until 2004.
  • Slide 15
  • 2015 albert-learning.com Pyramids QUIZ TIME 1.The Mayans and Aztecs primarily built pyramids as: a) religious temples b) tombs to kings and leaders c) Residences 2. How much does the Great Pyramid of Khufu weigh? a) about 2 million tons b) about 4.5 million tons c) about 6.5 million tons 3. One of the primary differences between pyramids in Central America and Egypt is: a) Central American pyramids were smaller and took longer to build than Egyptian pyramids. b) Central American pyramids eroded more quickly than Egyptian pyramids. c) Central American pyramids were built by fewer people; Egyptian pyramids were built by thousands.

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